Acne Scars: Treatment and Prevention

Acne scars are one of the most pervasive dermatological problems. They are common for people of all ages. Typically, they are a result of inflammation that occurs when bacteria, dead cells and access oil combined together and started pressing on the walls of the skin pore and breaks the follicle wall. Up to 80 percent of people in their teenage years are getting affected by acne. While many of these people recover from the said skin condition without permanent effects, some are left with scars.

There are a few topical skin care medications that can help improve mild scarring. Most acne scars can also be treated by means of skin resurfacing and surgical procedure combinations.

Treatment Options

Not all scars can be avoided even with careful treatment. But the good news is there are now a number of treatment options that you can choose to minimize the appearance of acne scars. Your doctor will check how severe your scars are and may recommend you any of the following treatment options:

• Dermabrasion. This is a kind of skin smoothing surgery where the skin’s top layers are removed. A special device is used in this treatment option to gently sand the surface of the skin to normal and healthy skin. Normally, an antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly is applied on the skin to lessen scaring and scab formation.

• Chemical Peels. In this procedural treatment, a chemical or exfoliating agent is applied on the skin. Among the most common agents used include lactic acid, trichloroacetic acid, glycolic acid, carbocilic acid and salicylic acid. Chemical peels usually range from light to deep strength, depending on the chemical agent used and how much time it should stay on the skin. How much peeling should be made also depends on the skin condition and expected results. Chemical peels are often suggested to those who have mild acne scars.

• Laser Treatments. There are two (2) categories of laser that are used to treat acne scars. These are ablative or resurfacing laser and non-ablative lasers. Ablative lasers take off the skin’s outer layer, burning scar tissues and tightening the dermal collagen. Through this way, the visibility of the scar is reduced. In laser resurfacing, erbium YAG laser and ultrapulsed carbon dioxide laser are commonly used. Since the skin is damaged and unprotected tissues are exposed, effort should be exerted in wound care and avoiding infection. The skin may redden for a couple of months or even a year afterwards.

Non-ablative lasers sets off changes in the dermis without damaging the epidermis. The newest FDA approved laser for this kind of treatment is called “smoothbeam.”

• Filler Substances. For shallow and saucer-shaped acne scars, filler substances are commonly used. There has been an increase in the amount of filler substances used in plumping up acne scars. Cosmoderm, Fasciian, Restylane, Artecoll, Cymetra and bovine collagen are available.

Acne Scar Prevention Tips

As soon as acne develops, treat it! The most effective means in avoiding acne scars is by preventing the development of acne into a severe form. Do not wait for acne to go away on its own, but start treating it right away. Consult a dermatologist to know if your acne is unresponsive to topical medications or over-the-counter treatments. As possible, avoid doing things that could irritate your skin like using harsh skin care products and aggressive scrubbing.

Still having trouble getting rid of acne scars? Click to learn how to get rid of acne scars NOW!

Clear Skin Tips For College Students

Clear Skin Tips For College Students

You have so many new, exciting things happening in your life right now, so acne can be a drag.  But, no matter what your age or which treatments you’ve tried, acne can be improved.

First things first, you need to get started on a proven acne treatment.  Over-the-counter products can be helpful for mild breakouts and blackheads.  If your acne is a bit more stubborn, you’ll need prescription medications to get the results your looking for.

Once you’ve got your treatment routine under wraps, follow these clear-skin tips to get the best results possible.

Don’t neglect your skin. 

Up late into the night?  Make sure you wash your face before your head hits the pillow.  Spending the day out at the beach?  Wear an oil-free sunscreen.  Good skin care alone isn’t going to clear up a case of acne, but it is the cornerstone of your acne treatment routine.  You don’t need expensive skin care products; you just need to use them regularly.

Wash your sheets.

Be honest, when is the last time those sheets have been washed?  If you can’t remember, you’re overdue.

To be clear, dirty sheets themselves don’t create a case of acne.  But they surely don’t help when you’re trying to clear your skin.  Think of all the dirt and oil that builds up on your pillowcase.  You definitely don’t want to be resting your face on that for eight hours a night.

Many students find it helpful to have several sets of sheets.  Then you can change them once a week, even if you don’t have time to get to the laundry.

Watch your diet.

Without Mom or Dad around to cook for you anymore, it’s easy to fall into the eat-nothing-but-fast-food trap.  Although we don’t have absolute proof that what we eat contributes to acne, many experts are taking a fresh look at the diet-acne connection.  Some studies have suggested that certain types of foods, namely high-glycemic index foods and dairy products, may make acne breakouts worse.  So, try to eat well.  Even if it doesn’t do anything for your skin, it’s a healthy habit to have.

Tame stress.

The stress of a new school, new classes, and most likely a new address, and your skin might start behaving badly. Even good stress, like the excitement of heading off to college and all the work that comes with it, can be enough to worsen acne.

Like with diet, we don’t have much proof one way or the other if stress contributes to breakouts.  But learning how to effectively deal with stress is a good skill to develop, right?  If it seems to help your skin, consider it a bonus.

Don’t pop!

Popping pimples can damage your skin.  Enough said.  Of course, no one wants to walk around all day with a big whitehead on their face.  Instead of popping, try using a warm cloth to encourage the pimple to drain.  You can also try dabbing on a spot treatment a few times a day.

Pay attention to your emotional well-being.

Acne can make you feel embarrassed, unattractive, and anything-but-confident.  That’s normal, too.  Be good to yourself, take time to do things you enjoy, and nurture your self-esteem.  Try to remember that the breakouts seem worse to you than they do to others.

If you find yourself skipping class or avoiding hanging out with friends because of a breakout, if you feel acne is impacting your grades or your social life, you should get some extra support.  (This is especially true if you have any of these warning signs.)  Talk with your physician, or visit your student health center, and be honest about what you’re going through.

You can get through this!  It will just take a little time, some patience, and consistent use of the right treatment.

Acne

Introduction to Acne

Acne is a disease of the skin which is not fatal. Acne is seen more on the face and face is the first appearance of the person, so it gives an embarrassing feeling to the sufferer. Thus people try to get rid of this condition. Acne is seen in both the genders male as well as female. Teenagers and adults both suffers from acne but teenagers are affected more commonly from this condition. The period of acne’s extreme possibility is during puberty or say about sixteen to seventeen years in female and seventeen to nineteen years in male. Generally, when a person reaches to the age of twenty-five to twenty-nine, acne get disappear or heal itself but in some, even after that age, it remains and needs medical treatment to get relieve from acne.

Definition of Acne

Acne Vulgaris is a medical term given to acne. Acne is an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands (which are responsible to secrete sebum) of the skin; characterized by papules (small, solid elevated lesion of the skin) or pustules (which contains puss) or comedones (a plug of sebum, when closed it is known as white head and when it is opened it is known as black head).
Normally this sebum comes out with perspiration and moistens the skin and thus, protects the skin.

Types of Acne

Acne is classified in two major types; those are

1. Inflammatory- An inflammation or swelling is seen and so known as inflammatory type of Acne. It is again classified into two sub-types.

* Pustules- pustules contains puss and is commonly known as pimples or zit. The process of its formation takes couple of days as WBC or white blood corpuscles goes into broken wall of follicles. Pustules are the result of unhealed Papules.
* Papules- Papule is a small, solid elevated lesion of the skin or an inflamed lesion of the skin, it occurs when WBC or white blood corpuscles goes into broken follicular wall. It is tender to touch; it may be large or small. It may further cause pustule if not healed.

2. Non-inflammatory- No inflammation or swelling seen and hence called as non-inflammatory type of Acne. It is also classified into again two sub-types.

* White heads- It is a small plug of sebum. Its orifice is closed and only white spot is seen. This is known as white heads. White heads gives rise to black heads if not paid attention on time.
* Black heads- It is a small plug of sebum whose orifice is open. Due to skin pigment or due to accumulation of dirt along with sebum, it gives black color and hence known as black heads. Papules are the result of black heads and further pustules.

Symptoms and signs of Acne

* Acne is commonly seen on face. But it can also be seen on back, chest, neck, arms, buttocks and legs, except palms and soles.
* Another important change you’ll find is formation of comedones, which can be open (black heads) or closed (white heads).
* Most important sign is formation of papules or cyst or pustules from comedones and commonly known as pimples or zit.
* There is increase in sebum (The oily secretion of the sebaceous glands, with perspiration it moistens and protects the skin) excretion.
* Skin becomes more oily and greasy from normal one.

Causes of Acne

* Acne worsens in stress and premenstrual period due to hormonal changes and imbalance. According to Ayurveda, acne during menstruation is due to heat in the body.
* Acne is aggravated due to food that you eat, like milk products, nuts, fats, fried and oily foods, chocolate, hydrogenated oils and sugar, liver, cheese, iodized salt, crabs, etc.
* Some foods like eggs; papaya, etc are allergic to some people which in turn results in acne.
* Constipation also causes acne. If your bowels are not regular, poor digestion of oil and it leads to acne.
* Dirty hair and scalp with dandruff are also responsible for the formation of acne, so it is must to keep hair and scalp clean.
* Emotional disorder can disturb digestive and endocrine functions, leading to inefficient digestion of oils and potential increase in skin oil, which in turn, cause acne.
* Heredity plays an important role in case of acne. The causative factor from the genes of father and blood of mother comes to their children and causes acne.
* Insufficient sleep is also responsible for development of acne so it is must to have complete sleep.
* Over usage of cosmetics, which are made up of harmful chemicals, creates skin complaints like acne and others.
* Pinching pimples increases inflammation and worsen the condition as pimples are mixture of oil (sebum) and dead skin cells.
* Several drugs including contraceptive pills and corticosteroids are also responsible to produce acne as it makes hormonal imbalance.
* Usage oil based cosmetics. Excessive oil gets mixed with dead skin cells and forms acne. So try to avoid more usage of oily cosmetics.
* Hormones are an important aspect to be seen in case of acne. Acne is seen more during adolescence or puberty. Here hormone Testosterone is responsible for the condition of acne, this hormone is produced by both the genders male and female.
* Improper removal of the dirt from the face. Proper washing of the face is very important, as dirt when accumulates along with sebum under the skin, it causes pimples.

How to get rid of Acne

There are many way to avoid the acne condition and to get rid of acne. One of this is to avoid certain foods that cause the pimples. These foods include fried foods, fatty foods, junk foods, spicy foods and nuts. Milk products may also cause the acne condition. Another imp thing is hygiene condition. It is most important factor to get rid of acne and for this, one has to wash the face properly. The dandruff on the head may also give rise to acne. They block the normal openings of the skin on the face and hence, produce acne.

Don’t ever try to squeeze or pinch the pimple as doing this will be like bowing seeds for other pimples. Another thing is to be kept in mind is doing the make-up. Try to avoid oil based cosmetics and other muddy cosmetics. Try to replace them with herbal cosmetics, which are considered to be safer for the skin. Some of the medicines like oral contraceptive pills may produce pimples. If they are so, one should give up taking that and should find any other alternatives.

Researches reveal that certain mental condition may also contribute producing the acne in a significant manner. Stress, tension and anxiety are well known factors producing acne. Taking sufficient sleep and being in happy mood may help reducing the acne. Acne are not to be covered tightly, they are to be given a fresh air and are to be covered gently when you need to go outside. Try to keep pimples away from pollution, dirt and dusty atmosphere.

We usually think of acne as a teenage problem-as though pimples and blackheads appear just in time for the school ball or festival, and then disappear for the rest of your life. But acne can strike at any age. Doctors estimate that 5 percent of adults will have acne outbreaks at some time during their lives.

Your skin is packed with tiny oil producing glands called sebaceous glands. Periodically these glands produce large amounts of oil, which can block the opening, or ducts, of the glands. When the oil can’t get out, pressure builds. The walls of the ducts begin to swell, forming pimples.

The sebaceous glands are influenced by a hormone that is the reason why acne often appears during the teenage years (from 13 to 19 years). But it can also be caused by hormonal fluctuations later in life-due to the menstrual cycle, for example, or to birth-control pills. People who are taking steroids for medical problems will also sometimes develop acne. Even the regular use of makeup or suntan oil, which can block pores, may cause an eruption.

You can’t always prevent acne, but there are ways to keep those unsightly blemishes at bay.

Here are the few tips:

Keep your skin clean. Since acne is often caused by blocked pores, keeping your skin clean is one of the best ways to help prevent it. Wash your face once or twice a day with soap and warm water. Gentle washing is all that’s required-pores easily unclog with a soft touch. Avoid using too much pressure or washing with harsh, abrasive cleansers, which will make the problem worse by irritating the skin.

Take direct action . For mild acne, over the counter products containing benzoyl peroxide can be very helpful. These topical products cause the skin to peel slightly, releasing trapped oils and bacteria and helping the inflammation heal.

Go easy on the make up . Covering your skin with large amounts of makeup will clog pores, trap oils and make it easier for pimples to form. To keep pores open, it’s best to use makeup sparingly. It’s also a good idea to use water-based make up that are easily remove with gentle washing.

Let nature take its course . Even though pimples will go away on their own, it’s easy to get impatient and give them a squeeze to hurry things along. But squeezing pimples can force the material in them deeper under your skin, which leads to infection, inflammation, and possibly scarring. This is why doctors recommend you leave your skin alone.

Stay on top of stress . There’s little scientific evidence that stress causes acne, yet most people notice that pimples do tend to flare up during stressful periods before a wedding, for example, or when preparing for a job interview. You can’t completely eliminate stress, but there are ways to keep it from leaving its mark on your skin. Greeting regular exercise, meditating, or simple getting out to a movie now and then will help keep your whole body, including your skin, much healthier.

Eat well . Despite what you always hear, chocolate, French fries, and other high fat foods don’t cause acne. But research suggests that foods high in iodine such as fish, may contribute to acne outbreaks. The same is true of salty foods such as potato chips. It isn’t necessary; to revamp your entire diet when you’re tying to control acne. But eating less “junk” may make a difference. It’s also important to eat simple, healthy foods, like whole grain breads, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. Foods that are high in fiber can help regulate hormone levels, which will help keep your complexion clear.

Do Not Let The Acne Lesion Will Leave Signals In The Face

When talking about acne lesion that are talking about the clogged acne lesionskin pores or deep masses in the face, chest, back, neck, shoulders and arms.These can be called pimples, blackheads, cysts or nodules. If you are a teenager who is probably going to have acne. In fact you

could have it even if you’re 30. Although not endanger your life, it could upset your disfiguring life permanently. Even acne is severe you might end up doing that.

The hormones change during puberty in adolescence are the reason you have acne lesion the sebaceous oil glands work overtime during this time in your life. Usually, they are reacting to androgen, a male hormone. Women also have androgens, though not as much to men as men.

A sebaceous follicle hair shaft within the sebaceous gland is the culprit. When you are in adolescence skin cells lining these sebaceous follicles start segregrar more fat when you’re younger. If these cells

stick together as they shed oil increasingly it will probably cover the opening of the sebaceous follicle, fat continues to flow, however, and no way out only causes the follicles swell,this is an acne lesion.

The bacteria normally exist on the skin and bacteria called P,acne  multiplies more than usual when a hair follicle becomes plugged. This is irritating to the skin and often inflammation can even make the

burst follicle then stretches the skin around the follicle. the meaning of the results that follow are acne pimples, nodules and blackheads, commonly known as lesions.

You may have heard some of the myths about acne, most of which are probably false. If you have heard, for example, that not having proper hygiene will make you have more acne is false. If you believe that this

could end you wash your face or shave grown to acne, are mitos.El is excess fat in the skin causes acne, lthough since you have to remove the excess skin oil disposal should be soft and gentle washing with

washing twice daily,then you should just dry the skin gently, again gently. Of course you can try one or more of the over the counter acne treatments or consult your dermatologist if your acne is severe or there are treatments to remove acne of the acne lesion.

What Is Acne

Acne is often known as pimples,it’s a skin condition that usually afflicts people during their teen years,skin problem pre dominantly affects the face but can acneeven show au fait the back,neck,shoulders and chest,while most common in teenagers it can appear on adults also.Neither race or gender is associate indicator of skin problem because it affects male and female and all races equally.

The medical term for it’s acne it are often diagnosed by the lesions that form on the skin,these lesions can take many completely different forms:blackheads,whiteheads and cysts.Cysts are formed once the pore becomes fully blocked,skin problem is most common during puberty as

a result of at this time your body is making associate more than sebum.sebum is associate oily substance designed to keep the hair and skin soft and lubricated.during puberty the production of sebum is greatly multiplied which can cause the skin to feel oily and clog pores.

During puberty theres conjointly an increase within the production of follicle cells,dead follicle cells mixed with sebum can build up and cause white heads.This mix of oil and dead cells is a good piece of ground for bacterial which will cause the swelling and redness associated with pimples.

Acne affects about 85th of all people sometime from the age of 12-24,around 25th of these people can have skin problem on their back and or neck also because the face. The skin problem are severe enough to cause about four hundredth of these people to hunt medical acne treatment.

Acne is most common on the acne face,especially on the forehead,nose and chin,the back is that the next most common space of affliction followed by the neck, chest and shoulders.

Most people can have outgrown their acne skin problem issues by the time they reach their twenty’s,but some people can still suffer from skin problem at the same time as adults.In some cases people will not have any skin problem issues till they are adults,this happens more oftentimes in men than girls.

Acne can have severe emotional and psychological repercussions,since it affects their appearance it conjointly affects their egos and self esteem.Teenagers are especially vulnerable to this attack on their certainty and may even trigger withdraw and depression,also as feelings of anger and frustration and the acne treatment.

Fortunately during this day and age there are many treatments which will help with skin problem,the foremost thing which will be done to help avoid or alleviate skin problem is to keep the skin as clean and oil free as attainable,laundry the most common drawback areas many times every day with soap and water, especially after any activity that triggers perspiration,is sometimes adequate.There are also many medications obtainable by prescription and over the counter to help with skin problem control.

If the skin problem is severe enough youll be able to consult a skin doctor,they can prescribe medications for the skin also as antibiotics to help fight the bacterium,they can conjointly offer advise on life vogue and diet changes that may help with the acne condition.

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