Treating Acne With Oral Minocycline

Updated December 15, 2014.

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com’s Medical Review Board.

Treating Acne with Oral Minocycline:

Minocycline is an oral antibiotic that is commonly prescribed for acne. It belongs to a group of antibiotics called tetracyclines (doxycycline and tetracycline also belong to this group and are also used to treat acne).

Of the all the tetracyclines, minocycline is the most expensive option. But it can be effective against acne when other oral antibiotics have failed.

Minocycline has been used for decades and is especially effective against inflammatory acne, although it’s rarely used as a solo treatment. Its nearly always prescribed along with a topical acne medication. This will give you much better results than just using minocycline alone.

Also Known As:

Minocin, Dynacin, Vectrin, Solodyn (extended-release minocycline)

How It Works:

Minocycline works to treat acne in two ways. First, it stops the growth of bacteria that cause acne breakouts. Second, minocycline reduces inflammation. If you have red, inflamed pimples this is good news.

On the other hand, minocycline won’t do much for blackheads and other non-inflamed blemishes. A better choice in this case would be topical retinoids.

Other Oral Antibiotics Used to Treat Acne:

Common Usage Directions:

Fifty to 100 mg, one or two times a day, is a common starting dosage.

Although it’s recommended to be taken on an empty stomach, minocycline can also be taken with

food. Unlike some other oral antibiotics, minocycline is absorbed really well, even with food. Not having to take it on an empty stomach is a big plus, especially for teenage boys who always seem to be hungry!

You’ll slowly taper off minocycline treatment once acne is under control. At this point, acne can often be kept in check by topical treatments alone. Sometimes, though, oral antibiotics have to be taken long-term to keep acne from returning.

Possible Side Effects:

Side effects can happen, although for most people they aren’t too uncomfortable. Just make sure to check in with your doctor if you notice any. Some of the more common side effects:

  • nausea and vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness

A bluish discoloration of the gums and mouth can also happen with minocycline use. This sounds strange and a bit scary, yes, but it generally occurs only with long term use and it is reversible. Tooth discoloration (again, of bluish nature) can happen too. It’s extremely unusual, but this one can be permanent.

Very rarely, taking minocycline can cause drug-induced lupus. Again, this is very rare and it usually goes away after stopping treatment.

Minocycline Is Not Right For:

Minocycline shouldn’t be used if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, so let your doctor know if either of these apply to you.

Also, kids under 8 years old shouldn’t use minocycline, although some sources recommend waiting until after age 10 or even age 12. Talk to your doc to find out what’s right in your case (or your child’s).

Tips for Using Minocycline:

  • Try to take your medication at about the same times every day. It helps it work better when there is a constant amount in your bloodstream.
  • Take the entire course, even if your skin is looking better.
  • Don’t lie down immediately after taking minocycline. Otherwise it can irritate the esophagus, which is really painful.
  • Give it time. It won’t happen instantaneously, but gradually you’ll notice less redness and less breakouts altogether.

Read More: Oral Antibiotic Treatment Options

Sources:

“Prescription Medications for Treating Acne.” Acne Net. American Academy of Dermatology. http://www.skincarephysicians.com/acnenet/prescriptmeds.html. 2008. Accessed 08 Sept 2011.

Leyden JJ, Del Rosso JQ “Oral antibiotic therapy for acne vulgaris: pharacokinetic and pharmacodynamic perspectives.” J Clin Aesthet Deratol. 2011 Feb; 4(2):40-7.

“Minocycline Oral” Medline Plus. National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682101.html 23 Aug 11. Accessed 08 Sept 11.

Fix Your Smile with Invisible Braces (Laura waltz)

If you need braces to correct or straighten out crooked teeth, you don’t have to dread wearing those unattractive metal wires. Thanks to technological advancements in dentistry, straighter teeth and a winning smile can now be achieved with invisible brace Richmond.
Invisible braces provide an aesthetic alternative to traditional bracket or wire braces. They are clear, barely visible, and easily removable. Invisible braces are also called clear aligners or clear braces. They are made using advanced computer technology which can also predict tooth movement. This makes invisible braces effective in straightening teeth gradually with minimal discomfort.
Invisible braces can treat a wide variety of dental issues such as:
* Crowding – when teeth are too close together
* Overbite – teeth overlap each other
* Underbite – lower teeth stick out
* Crossbite – teeth bite on the wrong side of each other
* Openbite – your teeth don’t meet when you bite
* Overjet – the front teeth stick out
* Misplaced midline – centre lines of lower and upper teeth don’t align
* Spacing – gaps between teeth
* Crooked teeth
Invisible braces are primarily designed for older teenagers and adults, and aren’t recommended when one still has baby teeth. Children and younger teens with orthodontic problems are required to use traditional metal braces. It’s recommended that they see a children’s dentist Richmond. Consult your private dentist Richmond or a quality NHS dentistry Richmond to determine whether you are a right candidate for invisible braces.
Advantages of invisible braces over traditional metal braces
* The wires are small and tooth-coloured, which means they’re discreet and not easily visible to the naked eye.
* Discomfort is very minimal, since the teeth are gently repositioned and no extra pressure is exerted on the teeth.
* Treatment time is reduced up to 75%–typically 6-15 months compared to traditional braces which can take up to two years.
* The cost of treatment is more affordable than traditional braces.
Types of Invisible Braces
Clear aligners
Clear aligners are currently the most popular type of invisible braces, represented by well-known quality brands like Invisalign by Align Technologies and ClearCorrect by ClearCorrect Inc. Clear aligners are a series of custom-made clear, removable aligners that fit into your teeth to provide pain and irritation-free treatment with only minimal adjustment discomfort. Being nearly invisible, clear aligners are aesthetically more attractive compared to traditional metal braces. They are also minimally invasive, apply gentle pressure on your teeth, and are resistant to staining from daily wear. Clear aligners do not include any brackets, wires, or sharp edges that can graze, poke, or damage the inside of your mouth. You can remove them before eating, drinking, brushing, and flossing, and then reapply them without so much fuss.
The only problem is that since they’re removable, one might easily lose motivation or forget to wear them consistently. This can also lead to the possibility of misplacing or losing them. If you lose them, you’ll need to have them replaced and this will incur extra cost. Although generally comfortable to wear, there might be slight pain or discomfort especially during the first time wearing them. As you progress with your treatment, the discomfort would gradually fade.
Your dentist will first take three-dimensional impressions of your teeth and send them to the manufacturer’s laboratory to create your custom-fit clear aligners with the use of computerised technology. Once they’re made, they’re sent back to your dentist where you can try them on and assess if the fit is right. Clear aligners are made in sets. The number of aligners you need to use would depend on the severity of your orthodontic problem. Your dentist will instruct you to wear each aligner for a specific duration and he will also be the one to provide you with your next aligner set during your scheduled appointments.
Only manufacturer-certified and trained dentists and orthodontists can provide you with clear aligners. They may also require special care and maintenance so listen to your dentist’s instructions and follow them to the letter.
Ceramic brackets
Ceramic braces are like traditional metal braces; the only difference is that it has tooth-coloured brackets or tooth-coloured wires instead of metal that straighten out teeth. They are made of composite materials. The tooth-coloured ceramic material blends with the natural colour of your teeth, which make them less visible than metal braces. However, they’re not as “invisible” like clear aligners or inside braces. Ceramic brackets are bigger than metal ones and include ligatures or small rubber bands. These act as built-in spring clips on self-ligating brackets that connect them to the arch wire. The ligatures are clear and changed every time you go back to the dentist to have them adjustment, which is usually on a monthly basis. They require a longer treatment time since they’re structurally weaker than metal braces.
Like metal braces, ceramic brackets cannot be removed until treatment is final. Only your dentist can remove your ceramic brackets. Wearing them can also cause discomfort, irritation, and difficulties in eating, drinking, speaking, tooth brushing, and flossing.
Inside braces
Inside braces, or iBraces, are called so because they are attached to the back of the teeth, hiding them from plain sight. One well-known brand is Incognito Orthodontic Braces by 3M. iBraces use digital images of the interior of the teeth to create computer-designed custom brackets. These brackets attach to the insides of the upper and lower teeth. This makes them appealing for those who do not want the sensation of wearing ceramic brackets, metal wires, or clear aligners in front of their teeth. iBraces are fixed and non-removable. They can be used in combination with elastics to help speed up treatment.
iBraces are more expensive than traditional braces and clear aligners since computer customisation and specialised equipment is used to create the brackets. Also, the techniques used in making and applying inside braces are still fairly new, and only a few orthodontists are experienced in it.

Top Acne Skin Care Tips for Men

Shave lightly over acne-affected areas, and try not to drag your razor or nick pimples. An electric or safety razor may be less irritating than a traditional blade.

Whatever type you use, make sure it’s sharp. Always shave in the direction of hair growth and after you shower, when hair is softened. Use warm water to wet your beard, but cold water to rinse your blade, and choose a thick shaving cream. Avoid shaving when your skin is super inflamed.

Applying acne medications afterward, instead of aftershave, can help control breakouts. However, only use them if they don’t irritate your freshly shaved skin. Your doctor may be able to prescribe medications that don’t sting when applied after shaving.

What are Nodules?

Nodules - Photo © A.D.A.M.

Nodular Acne.  Photo © A.D.A.M.

Updated April 16, 2014.

Definition: An inflamed acne lesion presenting as a hard, painful lump under the skin. Nodules occur when there is a deep break in the follicle wall and contaminated debris empties into the dermis, infecting adjoining follicles.

Is Acne Contagious?

Updated June 16, 2014.

Question: Is Acne Contagious?

Is acne contagious? Is it possible to catch acne from someone else?

Answer:

Although there are some skin maladies that are contagious, acne isn’t one of them. Common acne (what’s called acne vulgaris in med-speak) can’t be passed from person to person like a cold or flu can.

You can touch, hug, and kiss someone with acne without fear of catching the skin disorder. You can

even share the same towel or soap with someone who has acne without fear.

So if acne isn’t contagious, how do people get acne in the first place? Three major factors contribute to acne — a plug of skin cells within the pore, a surplus of oil, and the acne-inducing bacterium Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes).

P. acnes are bacteria that are routinely present on the skin. It isn’t passed from person to person, so you don’t have to worry about “catching” this bacterium and developing acne. P. acnes are generally harmless. But when a plug of dead skin cells and oil blocks the pore opening, it creates an anaerobic environment where the P. acnes thrive. The bacteria irritate the pore lining, creating redness and inflammation.

So, if you have a friend with acne, you don’t have to worry about catching it from them. If you’re the one with acne, although there is no cure, it can be treated. If you’re acne is mild, try an over-the-counter treatment first. If your acne is more serious, or if you can’t

control your acne with OTC products, make an appointment with a dermatologist. Your doctor can help develop a successful acne treatment plan.

The 5 Best Budget-Friendly Acne Cleansers

Neutrogena Oil-Free Acne Wash

Neutrogena skin care products have been around a long time, but now your choices go way beyond the traditional glycerin soap bar. For instance, their Oil-Free Acne Wash is a nice, basic cleanser that contains 2% salicylic acid.

As far a cleansers go, it can’t be beat. It foams nicely and rinses away clean. It can be a bit too drying for sensitive skin, though. But the price is great, so it’s definitely a keeper for the budget-conscious shopper.

If you’re not in love with the scent (it’s kind of bland and soapy smelling) you may like the Pink Grapefruit version. It has a fresh, citrusy scent that teen girls especially seemed to love. But be aware that while most people liked the aroma, some thought it was too overpowering. More »

What Causes a Pimple?

Updated February 12, 2015.

Acne is a chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands. While sometimes it seems pimples appear overnight, the development of an acne breakout is actually an extended process that begins at the cellular level. All pimples begin as a blockage of the hair follicle, or pore. Gaining an understanding of why a blockage begins and how a pimple develops will ultimately help you in treating your acne.

The Epidermis

The outermost section of the skin, the part you see every day, is called the epidermis. The epidermis consists of five layers. The deepest layer of the epidermis is the stratum germinativum. It is composed of a single layer of cells. Cell division, or mitosis, takes place in the stratum germinativum.

The

new cells begin their journey up through epidermis to the skin’s surface. First they are pushed up through the stratum mucosum, then the stratum spinosum. These three layers (stratum germinativum, mucosum, and spinosum) together are called the basal layer.

As the skin cells travel further, they reach the stratum granulosum. In this layer, the cells begin dying and hardening, giving them a granular appearance. By the time the cells reach the stratum corneum, they are dead.

The stratum corneum is made up of these tightly packed dead skin cells, which are continuously falling off and being replaced. This process is called desquamation. It takes approximately 28 days, from cell birth to sloughing off, to occur.

The Dermis

The dermis is the deepest, or inner section, of your skin and is made up of tough connective tissue. The dermis nourishes and supplies blood to the epidermis. It is also what gives the skin its elasticity. The dermis is much thicker than the epidermis but has just two distinct layers: the papillary layer and the reticular layer.

Within

the dermis you will find blood and lymph vessels, nerves, arrector pili muscles (the muscles that make your hair stand on end), sudoriferous (sweat) glands, sebaceous (oil) glands, and hair follicles. It is within the hair follicle and sebaceous glands that acne begins.

The Hair Follicle

The hair follicle is a small, tube-like opening in the skin through which hair and sebum reach the skin’s surface. The follicle consists of the pore opening, hair root and bulb, sebaceous duct, and sebaceous gland. Although it is contained within the dermis, the epidermis lines the inside of the hair follicle.

In a normal functioning follicle the sebaceous glands secrete oil, or sebum, into the pore. Typically, sebum and dead cells shed from the stratum corneum emerge at the skin’s surface through the pore opening. In those with acne, however, this process goes awry.

In acne prone skin, sebum and dead skin cells easily become trapped within the follicle. This accumulation of cellular debris and sebaceous matter forms a hard plug that obstructs the pore opening. This obstruction is called a comedo. It manifests itself as non-inflamed bump or blackhead on the skin’s surface.

Propionibacteria Acnes

Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the bacterium responsible for inflamed acne breakouts. P. acnes are regular residents within the hair follicle. Normally, they are harmless. However, in acne prone skin the P. acnes population grows out of control.

When a comedo blocks the pore opening, it creates an anaerobic environment, or a lack of oxygen within the follicle. This anaerobic environment, along with excess sebum within the pore, creates a favorable environment where P. acnes bacteria can thrive.

As the follicle becomes filled with sebum, dead cells, and bacteria, it begins to swell. The follicle wall ruptures and spills into the dermis. White blood cells rush in to fight the bacteria. Redness and swelling occurs, and pus is created. A pimple has now formed.

If the rupture in the follicle wall happens near the surface, the pimple is usually minor and heals quickly. It is when the break occurs deep within the dermis that more severe lesions, such as nodules and cysts, develop.

Top Homemade Face Masks For Acne That Prevent Acne From Coming Back (Jamie Edwards)

Acne is a major problem that lot of women around the world face all the time. It is very difficult to heal as the chemical products available in the market steal away all the essential oils from the face. The pores become enlarged by prolonged use of chemical products and it becomes difficult to deal with the skin troubles. Acne can be caused by many reasons which can be hormonal changes, diet changes, stress and changes in the lifestyle patterns. The teenagers seem to face acne problems and this affects their confidence to a major extent. It becomes important to pay attention to these early signs of skin problems to save themselves from any self-esteem troubles. The so called herbal products in the market do not help people to solve the skin troubles. It creates all the more troubles for the skin by affecting the texture and making the skin red.

The best way is actually hidden in the kitchen ingredients that people are unaware about all their lives. These ingredients are easily available and the masks made from these special herbs and fruits are perfect to treat skin troubles. Homemade face masks for acne is the perfect way to deal with skin troubles like this. No more people will feel neglected and will be able to treat their skin with the use of these face masks. These are perfect and convenient to use. It is simple to get a perfect skin to protect the face from skin troubles through the use of homemade face masks for acne. Say hello to goodness through these perfect recipes for acne.

Homemade Face Masks for Acne:

Yogurt besan face pack can be made by adding Gram flour (besan) 1 tablespoon, yogurt half tablespoon, 1 tablespoon lemon and rose water. The mixture should be formed into a paste and applied to the face. The gram flour is useful to absorb excess oil and lemon has soothing properties. Lemon kills the bacteria and makes the skin clean. It cleans the pores and kills the acne causing bacteria. Yogurt has healing properties. The mask should be washed off after 10 minutes for a perfect skin. The regular use of the mask is useful to eliminate redness and acne along with the scars, being the best homemade face masks for acne.

Gram flour and honey face mask is one of the effective homemade face masks for acne that can be made by mixing 2 tablespoon of gram flour and warm honey. It should be applied to the face and neck and kept for 15 minutes. This is then washed off to see the perfect results. Gram flour will attract toxins and honey will act as anti-microbial agent. It helps to curb pimples.

Gram flour and sandalwood pack can be prepared by mixing 1 tablespoon gram flour with 2 tablespoon of sandalwood powder and rose water. The mixture should be applied to the face and neck for about 20 minutes. It is perfect to heal the skin as it has anti-microbial properties.

The face mask made of gram flour and turmeric is made by mixing 1 tablespoon of gram flour with 2 tablespoon of sandalwood powder. Now 1 tablespoon of turmeric should be added with rose water and made into a paste. It should be applied to the face and neck for 20 minutes. Wash it off with cold water to see the perfect results. It is useful to heal the skin and eliminate the scars.

Cucumber and gram flour face mask is one of the ideal homemade face masks for acne. It can be made by mixing 2 tablespoon of cucumber juice with 1 tablespoon of gram flour with lemon juice. It is perfect to open the pores and eliminate the bacteria. It tightens the pores and makes the skin free from blemishes.

Gram flour and almond face mask is another useful method of getting rid of unwanted acne. Soak some almonds overnight and grind them to form a paste. This mixture should be added to 1 tablespoon of gram flour and mixed with lemon juice. Rosewater also needs to be added to form a paste. Apply this and wash away with cold water after 15 minutes. It is perfect to even out the skin that is affected by acne scars and open the pores. It has anti-bacterial properties. This homemade face masks for acne make the skin healthy and restores its natural complexion.

Mix 2 tablespoon of tomato juice with 1 tablespoon of lemon juice. Dip some cotton balls in this mixture and apply this on the affected region with the help of this cotton. Allow this to stay for 10 minutes and rinse. It opens the pores and makes the skin glowing. This homemade face masks for acne has natural anti-bacterial properties so it will burn for some time but that only mean that it is working.

Sandalwood and aloe vera face mask is perfect homemade face masks for acne that soothes the skin which is acne prone. It can be made by mixing 2 tablespoon of sandalwood powder with aloe vera juice and rose water. It should be applied to face and neck for 15 minutes and washed off with plain water. It will open the pores and make the skin relieved from acne with its regular use.

Potato juice eliminates the acne and makes the skin glowing within weeks. It is one of the most recommended homemade face masks for acne that is easy to prepare. It is made by mixing 3 tablespoon of raw potato juice with 1 tablespoon of lemon juice. It should then be applied to the entire face and neck with the help of cotton balls. It should be washed off within 15 minutes and pat dry. It removes the scares as well.

Onion juice mask is also another alternative as ideal homemade face masks for acne that can be made by adding 1 tablespoon of onion juice to 1 tablespoon of tomato juice. In addition to this, also add 1 tablespoon of lemon juice. Now apply this on the face. It should be washed off in 10 minutes to see the difference in the skin. It is perfect to heal the skin and the anti-bacterial properties in the mixture heal the skin from acne with regular use.

How To Stress acne treatment (Health Hightlight)

Emotional stress won’t trigger another instance of skin break out, yet it may intensify matters in somebody who as of now has the skin issue. When we see any pimple on our face the first question arises what to do to cure it?
We feel very frustrated, In the event that this happens, you may ponder whether those blemishes truly are acne.
Reason for adult acne is STRESS
Scientists have discovered a relationship in the middle of stress and acne flare-ups. In light of anxiety, our bodies create more androgens (a sort of hormone). These hormones invigorate the oil organs and hair follicles in the skin, which can prompt pimple inflammation. This clarifies why stress acne treatment is important.
How to treat stress acne?
In the event that nothing passes your skin acne, you ought to see a dermatologist. Possible stress acne treatment is accessible.
Dermatologist Treatment
Regularly a dermatologist will utilize two or more medications. With a dermatologist’s assistance and a touch of persistence, essentially every instance of skin break out can be controlled.
Home treatment:
* Wash twice a day and in the wake of sweating. Sweat, particularly when wearing a cap or protective cap, can exacerbate skin break out, so wash your skin at the earliest opportunity in the wake of sweating.
* Utilize your fingertips to apply a delicate, non-rough cleaning agent. Utilizing a washcloth, lattice wipe or whatever else can disturb the skin.
* Be delicate with your skin. Utilization delicate items, for example, those that are liquor free. Don’t utilize items that chafe your skin, which may incorporate astringents, toners and exfoliates. Dry, red skin aggravates pimple inflammation show up.
* Scouring your skin can aggravate acne. Dodge the enticement to scour your skin.
* Clean consistently. If you have sticky hair, cleanse day by day.
* Let your skin mend characteristically. In the event that you pick, pop or crush your acne, your skin will take more time to clear and you expand the danger of getting skin break out scars.
* Keep your distant your face. Touching your skin for the duration of the day can result in flare-ups.
* Stay out of the sun and tanning cots. Tanning harms you skin. Also, some skin break out drugs make the skin exceptionally touchy to bright (UV) light, which you get from both the sun and indoor tanning gadgets.
Continuous exercise will be effective stress acne treatment and make your eating routine solid. You can likewise perform unwinding systems, for example, yoga and reflection. The Mayo Clinic additionally recommends that all skin items you utilize be oil free and noncomedogenic. This implies they won’t stop up pores. Continuously wash your face during the evening regardless of the possibility that you are drained and focused. In the wake of working out, verify sweat and oil is cleaned away to avoid blocked pores.

The Best Acne Spot Treatments for Under $20

Almay Blemish Healer for Oily Skin

Active ingredient: salicylic acid

This inexpensive spot treatment also contains witch hazel, and meadowsweet. Witch hazel is often used as an astringent. Meadowsweet, a perennial herb, is claimed to have refreshing and purifying effects on the skin.

This spot treatment absorbs fully into the skin, so makeup goes on over it smoothly. And, like all Almay products, this treatment is hypoallergenic and fairly gentle for sensitive skin.

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