Cataract is a disease wherein the lens of the eye gets cloudy. This problem might develop due to several reasons. Protein accumulation generally results in the clouded lens. When this occurs, the light that usually penetrates your eyes cannot move through thus leading to an impaired vision. The cataract forms when brand new cells form on top of the old cells. This can result in a compacted old cells in the middle of the lens of your eyes.
There are 4 types of cataracts you need to learn about. The very first one is age related. As its name imply, this type of cataract forms because of the normal process of getting older. The congenital cataract is the second type. This means that an individual is born with it. This takes place when the expecting mother came down with an infection. Poor fetus development is also another cause of this type of cataract. Even those who are in their early childhood years can get this. The 3rd type is called the secondary cataracts. This type is generally obtained by an individual who has diabetes or over exposure to corticosteroids, radiation as well as ultraviolet rays. The final type is typically brought on if the eye was subjected to trauma.
Only nominal symptoms are exhibited during the early phases of cataract. Its growth happens slowly and gradually and the individual affected might notice it only once it starts hampering one’s eyesight. Some people detect cloudy or blurry eyesight. Others having conditions identifying hues. You might also experience difficulties driving in the evening because of the glare originating from the headlights of vehicles from the opposite side of the road. Vision concerns can also take place during the day due to the glare. Double vision is another indicator.
If you’re seeing the above mentioned indications, you should go to your eye doctor right away. If you are wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses, be sure that you bring them with you during your scheduled visit. Your eye doctor will have you undergo an eye exam which will help them ascertain the level of your eyesight impairment during the session. They will also check the current state of your lenses by inducing pupil dilation. They are going to also check out the other areas of your eyes for other possible causes and eye concerns.
People struggling with cataracts are provided with a lot of treatment plans. If vision can still be fixed, glasses or contacts will be prescribed to you. If your eyesight loss can’t be repaired with the use of these prescribed eyeglasses or contacts, you might have to go through cataract surgery. Your cloudy lens will be taken off and replaced with an artificial one during the surgery. This treatment is commonly done as an outpatient care cure and it has a very high rate of success. Thousands of people have undergone this surgical procedure and almost all of them have been given with an enhanced eyesight.
There’s still no known preventive measures for cataract as of this time. This is because the precise cause of this particular eye condition is still unknown. Since this eye condition is normal to the elderly, it is essential to routinely go to your optometrist for an eye examination. Regular examinations are also crucial to those who have a family history of cataracts along with other eye concerns. Those with ages more than 50 years old must visit their eye doctor at least twice a year. Individuals with diabetes are also at risk of developing cataracts and that’s why they also need to have routine eye checkup.
There are specific things which you could do to help prevent cataract development. You must be sure that you live a healthy way of life. Antioxidant rich foods are likewise useful. These anti-oxidants could help eliminate the harmful toxins inside your body including the ones that can bring about cataracts. Apricots, kale, berries, carrots, eggs and peanuts are a few excellent food sources of antioxidants. Cigarette smoking should also be avoided. Cigarette smoking will not only harm your lungs and make you prone to developing cataracts, it is also harmful to your overall health. Taking eye vitamin supplements is another option but you have to be sure that you talk to your eye doctor first. Cataracts could be prevented if you have a healthy lifestyle. But it cannot reverse its effects if you already have it.