What is an Esthetician?

Updated January 30, 2015.


A person who specializes in the beautification of the skin. Estheticians are not medical doctors; they perform cosmetic skin treatments such as facials, light chemical peels, body treatments, waxing.

Estheticians can offer skin care products and deep pore cleansing that may help clear mild cases of acne. Estheticians who work under a physician’s supervision may treat more severe grades of acne.

Pronunciation: es-the-TI-shun

Also Known As: Skin care therapist

Alternate Spellings: Aesthetician

Learn More: What an Esthetician Can Do for Your Skin

Clear Your Acne Up With Simple Steps (Rhen Sambal)

Acne is something that is not easy to live with. It can cause others to make fun of you and can leave permanent scaring on your face and body. Use the tips from this article to learn how to better deal with acne, and clear up your skin in no time.

If you’re having constant acne problems, make sure that you are drinking enough water everyday. You should drink roughly, sixty-four ounces every day. Water helps purify your body by pushing out toxins. This will help to get rid of any toxins your skin and blood that may produce acne.

To help with acne, apply a dab of honey to your face, at least once a week as a mask. Honey is great for healing your blemishes and disinfecting skin, as it has antibacterial properties. Those with sensitive skin can also use honey, as it does not irritate most skin.

A great, cooling way to get rid of pimples is by putting aloe vera juice directly over the pimple. It is a natural remedy that can be taken directly from the aloe plant or purchased in any drug store. It will cool your skin as it reduces redness and clears your face.

One way to prevent the clogging of pores is to use a blackhead remover. It is a little metal stick that you can purchase at any drugstore that you slide over your skin to remove any dirt or bacteria that is lodged in your pores. It is very easy to use and better than using your fingers.

Don’t use multiple acne treatments at once. While it may be tempting to try as many acne creams and lotions as possible, if you use more than one at a time, you run the risk of damaging your skin. Certain acne creams contain very powerful ingredients that can be quite harsh on your skin, and in some cases, they could react with each other and cause irreparable damage.

One surprisingly interesting way to remedy acne is with tea. Save any green or chamomile tea bags that you have used from brewing. You can use them for skin treatments by placing them in cold water. Then apply them to the skin for 30 seconds and rinse away. The natural properties of the moistened tea leaves can heal and repair your skin.

You can use topical creams to help fight acne breakouts. Most of these creams target below the surface of the skin. They penetrate deep into your pores if applied correctly, and can help clear out the bacteria growing on the surface of your skin which is also known as acne.

If you have a project that is due for school, do not wait until the last minute, which can cause stress and anxiety. Plan in advance and finish ahead of time, to avoid unnecessary stress the night before it is due. This will help you feel comfortable during the day and reduce breakouts at college.

You have learned many different ways to deal with acne. Make sure that you know your skin type before applying anything, you do not want to accidentally cause a break out when that is what you are trying to get rid of. Have patience, nothing that lasts happens in one night.

Comedone Extractor

Comedone Extractor - Photo © Angela Palmer

A comedone extractor is often used to remove blackheads.  Photo © Angela Palmer

Updated January 01, 2014.


A small metal implement used to aid in removing blackheads, or comedones. Most comedo extractors have metal loops on either end, although some extractors may have a small lance on one end.

To use, the loop is placed around the blemish to be extracted. Gentle pressure is placed on the skin, and the extractor is carefully turned or rocked until the pore blockage is pushed to the surface.

Comedo extractors are often used by estheticians during facial treatments, but many estheticians refuse to use them and instead use their fingers wrapped in cotton or tissue.

Comedo extractors can damage the skin if not used correctly and should never be used on an inflamed blemish.

Also Known As: Comedo extractor, blackhead remover

Treating Acne With Oral Erythromycin

Updated December 29, 2014.

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com’s Medical Review Board.

Treating Acne with Oral Erythromycin:

Oral erythromycin is an antibiotic used to treat moderate to severe inflammatory acne, and/or acne that isn’t getting better with other treatments. Erythromycin has been used for years to treat acne, although newer antibiotics are the more popular choice today.

Besides acne, erythromycin is used to treat a wide variety of conditions, from ear infections to rosacea. It’s a prescription medication and there is no over-the-counter alternative.

Erythromycin is also used topically to treat acne.

How It Works:

Erythromycin works to improve acne by reducing the amount of acne-causing bacteria, called propionibacteria acnes, on the skin. It also lessens inflammation and redness.

You’ve probably heard about the growing problem of bacterial resistance caused by the overuse of antibiotics. Because of this, some people find their acne doesn’t respond to erythromycin treatment.

Still, erythromycin is a better antibiotic option for pregnant or breastfeeding moms. It also can be used by younger children because, unlike some of the other oral antibiotics, it won’t cause tooth discoloration.

Other Oral Antibiotics Used to Treat Acne:

Common Usage Directions:

Usually, you will take erythromycin twice per day. It can be taken with or without food.

Possible Side Effects:

  • Upset stomach
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Vaginal yeast infections or oral thrush

If you develop severe stomach pain or severe diarrhea, let your doctor know right away.

Tips for Treating Acne with Oral Erythromycin:

  • Upset stomach? Taking erythromycin with food can help.
  • Oral antibiotics work best when there is a steady amount of the medication in the body. Do your best to take your medication at regular times and try not to skip doses.
  • Make sure you take the entire course prescribed, even if your acne clears up. Tell your doc if your acne isn’t improving at all, or gets better for a while but then returns.

What Types Of Foods Are Good For Your Teeth? (Holly Redding)

You should keep in mind that the food you eat and just how regularly you eat play a critical factor when it comes to avoiding teeth cavities as well as maintaining superior oral health. As you place your food inside your mouth, there’ll always be some kind of change that will take place. If your mouth harbors bacteria, then it can use the sugars and carborhydrates that you eat into acids that will harm your teeth’s enamel. The tooth decay progression begins with this. Each time you put food inside your mouth, this routine is triggered.

Some foods which are perfect for your teeth are meat, cheese as well as milk. These are full of calcium and phosphorus which could help protect the enamel in your tooth. Eating these will also stimulate teeth remineralization. Reminineralization will involve a process wherein the minerals are transferred back to your teeth’s enamel. This process is extremely required since the enamel of your teeth are either removed or softened.

Another set of food that is good for your teeth are fruits that are firm and crispy including pears and apples. Another great option are vegetables. These are known to be packed with water content. These foods can watering down the negative impacts of the sugar which these food have. It may also help in protecting your teeth by stimulating saliva flow. The food particles which may get wedged are washed away and it likewise decreases your risks of getting tooth decay. You can even eat tomatoes and citrus fruits to help lessen the acid inside your mouth.

Strawberries are likewise best for your teeth. It contains vitamin C that prevents the collagen in your gums from deterioration. Your gums are prone to having periodontal disease with weak collagen. Another fruit that you can add to your diet which is also packed with vitamin C are kiwis. It helps deal with inflammation and infection.

Another one that is ideal for your teeth is green tea. It has complex compounds referred to as catechins. These catechins could help fight the cause of inflammation and it could also manage infections brought on by bacteria in your mouth. It was observed in a Japanese research that people who regularly drink green tea are less inclined to have periodontal disease. Individuals who drink one cup of green tea, based on another Japanese study, are likewise less inclined to suffer tooth loss.

Nuts and seeds are also suitable for your teeth. Almonds and brazil nuts are a few of the perfect ones. Some of the nutrients that it contain are zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium and potassium. With regards to the health of your teeth and bones, everybody knows that calcium is rather critical. Unhulled sesame seeds must also be part of your list mainly because it is likewise rich in calcium.

Let’s right away talk about the foods which are bad for your teeth’s heath. The first one, is of course, the candy. Your teeth will be exposed to acids and sugars when you suck candies all the time. This is one of the leading causes of teeth cavities. If you need to maintain the health of your teeth, eating foods with too much carbohydrate is likewise not highly recommended. Foods such as chips, pastas and breads are going to be processed as sugars once it goes through digestion. These sugars which get stuck on your teeth and also the acids they produce can harm your teeth.

You should be concerned about the health of your teeth if you love drinking fruit juices and soda. Those two kinds of drinks will expose your teeth to sugar and acid which will harm your teeth. Hard foods can also damage your teeth. Chewing them could cause your teeth to crack. Ice and hard pretzels are some good examples. It is likewise not advisable to drink an excessive amount of coffee and red wine. These can induce staining of teeth. These might not sound too severe but when you come to consider it, having stained teeth will adversely affect your appearance. This might even result in lowered self-confidence. Aside from that, the stains can be very challenging to get rid of.

Definition of Comedonal Acne

Comedones - Acne Breakouts - Photo © A.D.A.M.

Comedonal Acne.  Photo © A.D.A.M.

Updated December 31, 2014.


The term used to describe a form of non-inflammatory acne. Comedonal acne consists of blackheads, or comedones. The skin may look and feel bumpy, or have a “sandpapery” texture. For some, inflamed pimples only occur occasionally. For others, breakouts may become inflamed.

Comedonal acne is often treated with salicylic acid, or retinoids such as Retin-A and Differin.


Comedones - Acne Breakouts - Photo © A.D.A.M.

Comedones .  Photo © A.D.A.M.

Updated June 17, 2009.

Definition: A type of acne lesion, a comedo occurs when a plug of oil and dead skin cells becomes trapped within the hair follicle. There are many different types of comedones.

Also Known As: Comedones (plural), blackhead, pore blockage, impaction.

Are Oral Acne Medications Effective?

oral antibiotics - Stockbyte Collection/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Stockbyte Collection/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Updated December 16, 2014.

Persistent or severe cases of acne may respond best to oral acne medications. How do you know if oral acne medications are the right treatment choice for you?

Severe acne (Grades III and IV) is characterized by the presence of numerous papules and pustules, deep nodules, and pronounced inflammation of the skin. Cysts are often present as well. It is sometimes referred to as nodulocystic or cystic acne. Severe acne often occurs on other areas of the body, in addition to the face.

A dermatologist must treat acne of this severity. Severe acne can be difficult to control, and in most cases requires systemic medications in addition to topical treatments. Systemic medications work internally to improve the skin.

Oral Antibiotics

Oral antibiotics have been used to treat acne for many years. Like topical antibiotics , oral antibiotics work by reducing Propionibacteria acnes (the bacteria responsible for acne breakouts). They also help decrease inflammation of the skin. Patients are usually started on a high dosage and moved to lower dosages as acne improves. Oral antibiotics are used to treat moderate to severe acne, or persistent acne .

The most common oral antibiotics prescribed for acne treatments are:

  • erythromycin
  • tetracycline
  • minocycline
  • doxycycline

Oral Contraceptives

Oral contraceptives, also known as birth control pills, can be used to treat acne in women . A combination of estrogen and progestin, oral contraceptives work to reduce oil gland secretions by suppressing androgen hormones . They are a good choice for women with acne who need a form of birth control anyway. Oral contraceptives are used in conjunction with topical medications to treat severe acne.

Just a handful of birth control pills have been approved as acne treatments by the FDA, including:

  • Ortho Tri-Cyclen
  • Estrostep
  • Yaz

However, birth control pills have been prescribed off-label to treat acne for many years. Most doctors agree nearly any formulation will give the same effect.


Isotretinoin, formerly sold under the brand name Accutane , is a vitamin A derivative. It works by shrinking the sebaceous glands , reducing the amount of oil found on the skin. This, in turn, reduces the amount of comedones produced.

Because of possible serious side effects, it is used only in cases of very severe or cystic acne after all other treatment options have been exhausted.

Review Of Acne Scar Treatment (George Jess)

Acne has over the ages proved to be a bother to so many people. Some get worried so much as to how they can get rid of this problem. Before you try out any method you have heard or been advised by a friend, look out for the following:


One of the most used techniques used at home by many is the use of alcohol-laced cotton to cleanse the face. This method has proved to very effective and reliable in various situations. Some people use the orange peel in order to get rid of acne. This has also shown some effectiveness. Others use lemon as a remedy for acne. This too is very effective in some cases. As for adults, the use of benzoyl peroxide has proved to be effective in some cases. Why benzoyl peroxide? It is in the control of excessive oil and also comes with an antibiotic that helps fight the bacteria that gives rise to the adult acne.

Vitamin A. Often referred to as Topical Retinols are effective when it comes to the eradication of mild levels of acne. Sometimes they can also help treat the moderate levels. This is probably terrific information for people who have been having trouble with acne. The TCA peel has proved to be one or the most effective solution for pimples. Research has it that it is becoming more and more effective with the improved technology levels. Acne scar treatment on the other hand is more effectively done through Laser therapy.

Which are the right products?

In general, expectant women will always have to seek alternative and safer skin care programs. The best place to start will be the natural skin products. Every individual will most definitely have the best pimple treatment solutions for them. It all depends on your situation and skin type. Note that not all skin care products will suit you. Do not experiment with your skin since that one product you try may just lead to a permanent destruction of your skin.

The market has so many illegal products are being traded on the shelves of many beauty shops. These should be avoided like a plague. Use only laboratory tested products. Otherwise you may end up getting exposed to the worst health risks ever. Permanent treatment of acne is available, but you only have to use the right products. Don’t rush into using any products you come across. You are likely to find many products designed for different treatments of the skin which are not approved. Check that the manufacturer and their reputation before consuming their products.

Natural remedies

Herbal solutions have also come into play as a solution for acne. These help in reducing the toxic levels in your body. They also act as natural counter-inflammatory for any skin lesions you may be having. These are cheaper and easier to use since you can recreate your own acne treatments using your facial cleaner and use it gently to clean your face.


There are other alternatives that aid remove acne. You can Google as many as possible, but always take care to find one that approved and specific to your skin type.

How To Find a Moisturizer that Won't Break You…

Moisteriser - Maria Toutoudaki Collection/Photodisc/Getty Images

Maria Toutoudaki Collection/Photodisc/Getty Images

Updated December 16, 2014.

Watch the video: How To Choose a Moisturizer for Acne-Prone Skin

Even your oily, acne-prone skin can benefit from the daily use of good moisturizers . But choose the wrong product and it can be a skin care disaster: greasy feeling skin, blackheads and pimples. With a little know-how you can pick a moisturizer that will enhance your skin care routine without causing breakouts.

Difficulty: Average

Time Required: N/A

Here’s How:

  1. Read your labels. This is the single most important step in choosing the right moisturizer. If you have oily skin or are prone to breakouts, choose a moisturizer labeled oil-free and noncomedogenic or non-acnegenic. Oil-free products don’t have added oils that can leave a heavy, greasy feel to the skin. Noncomedogenic products are much less likely to clog the pores and cause breakouts.

    Also, when choosing your moisturizer remember that creams are generally heavier than moisturizing lotions. If you want a lighter product, go with a lotion.

  2. Know if your moisturizer contains exfoliating ingredients. Many moisturizers contain
    alpha hydroxy acids, retinol, salicylic acid, or other exfoliating ingredients. These ingredients could be helpful in improving acne, especially mild or comedonal acne, by increasing cell turnover.

    But if you are using a topical acne medication, moisturizers with these ingredients can irritate the skin, and may increase peeling and flaking. In this case, it’s better to use a moisturizer without exfoliating ingredients unless your dermatologist recommends it.

  3. If your skin is sensitive, choose a hypo-allergenic, fragrance-free formulation. Fragrances can irritate skin that is already sensitive or acne-inflamed. And if you’re dealing with extremely dry, peeling skin caused by acne medications, highly fragranced moisturizers may burn or sting when applied. Your best bet is to choose a fragrance free, hypo-allergenic product. Be aware that unscented is not the same as fragrance-free.

  4. Don’t forget the SPF. So many moisturizers now contain SPF, and it’s a simple and easy way to be sure to get your sun protection. Using a sunscreen daily will help protect your skin from aging and skin cancer. This is especially important if you are using acne treatments that cause photosensitivity, or increase your sensitivity to the sun. Some common acne treatments that increase photosensitivity include (but aren’t limited to):

  5. Get advice from the pros. If you’re still feeling overwhelmed with the sheer number of choices available, don’t be afraid to ask a professional for advice. Ask your dermatologist what s/he recommends. Your esthetician can also suggest moisturizers suitable for oily skin, and will have them available for sale.

  6. Go with results and not price. Remember, you don’t have to pay an exorbitant amount to get a good quality moisturizer. Give more weight to how the moisturizer makes your skin feel. If you love your luxuriously priced moisturizer, use it and enjoy it. But if you’d rather spend less, that’s OK too. An inexpensive product can work just as well as the pricey brand names.


    “Cosmeceutical Facts & Your Skin.” American Academy of Dermatology. Schaumburg, IL, 2004.

    Lynde CW. “Moisturizers: what they are and how they work.” Skin Therapy Letter. 2001 Dec; 6(13):3-5.